When i see the word translate, it means to me that a scribe read a manuscript written in one language e. While on assignment from the lds prophet joseph smith to visit jerusalem in 1840, elder orson hyde of the quorum of the twelve apostles suggested opening. A day in the life of joseph smith, translator extraordinaire. Joseph smith claimed that in 1827 an angel named moroni led him to a set of golden plates which he then translated by the gift and power of god.
A few years ago i responded to a news article in which the author stated that joseph was a polygamist. Joseph smith claimed that the book of mormon is his translation of reformed egyptian. Joseph smith could neither write nor dictate a coherent and wellworded letter. The joseph smith translation of the bible mormons in. In translating the book of mormon into sesotho, the language spoken in the. Most latterday saints grew up learning that joseph smith translated the book of mormon through the use of magic spectacles known as the urim and thummim. The book of hebrews and the joseph smith translation. Joseph is writing madly on sheets of paper as oliver cowdery, martin harris, david whitmer, father smith joseph smith.
The book of mormon text is unaltered and only arranged so that the reader does not. Joseph smith as revelator and translator the joseph smith papers. In an interview conducted by her son joseph smith iii in 1879, emma smith, wife of the prophet joseph smith, expressed her faith in the restored church of jesus christ, which was established in 1830 after the prophet had translated the book of mormon and published it to the world. The joseph smith translation of the bible mormonism. The book of mormon is a sacred text of the latter day saint movement, which, according to adherents, contains writings of ancient prophets who lived on the american continent from approximately 2200 bc to ad 421. The first german edition of the book of mormon came off the press in. The church recently released an essay summarizing what we know about the process of translating the book of mormon. Early this week i posted a brief notice for the book from darkness unto light. These books, too, he thought, as he dug through the shelves in the mormon book store.
Dear gramps, i would like to know the exact way the prophet joseph translated the book of mormon. Welch, foundation for ancient research and mormon studies farms. Courtesy lds church this painting depicts lds church founder joseph smith translating the book of mormon from ancient gold plates with. Who translated the book of mormon text into english for joseph smith to read. Obviously, that means that the book of mormon is more correct than the bible.
Joseph smith and the beginning of book of mormon archaeology did the prophet joseph smith in 1842 locate book of mormon lands in middle america. The essay book of mormon translation in the gospel topics section of topics. The translators of the book of mormon deseret news. Most adherents to the latter day saint movement view the book as a work of inspired scripture. Leaving the church, part 4 book of mormon translation by. Joseph smith book of mormon translation video ryan. Nothing is magical, and the urim and thummim, the seer stone, etc.
Joseph smiths uses of pseudo, intralingual and intersemiotic translation in the creation of the mormon canon. How exactly did joseph smith translate the book of mormon. The most common belief of adherents is that promoted by joseph smith, who said he translated ancient golden plates. Book of mormon translation as you will see from the article, joseph smith apparently alternated between using the urim and thummim which he obtained simultaneously with the plates, and a seer stone that he. According to witnesses, joseph smith often translated without the plates being present and used the interpreters to receive the revealed text. Messenger of the restoration joseph smith translates the gold plates another testament of. On september 21, 1823, joseph smith, then seventeen years old, was in his bed praying when a light began to fill his room. An account written by the hand of mormon upon plates taken from the plates of nephi. Joseph smiths translation and publication of the book of mormon. Changing the historical narrative, sets the stage for other false narratives to be written about the prophet joseph. The prophet joseph smith taught that the devil will so transform things as to make one gape at those who are doing the will of god. The german translation of the book of mormon gilbert w. I give unto you my servant joseph to be a presiding elder over all my church, to be a translator, a revelator, a seer, and prophet. Mormon scholars debate joseph smiths role in translation.
This minister was considered very antagonist towards the. I believe from the book of mormon musical on the 65th tony awards. Did joseph smith use a hat during the translation of the. The book of mormon is a sacred text that was published in march 1830 by joseph smith, jr. Scharffs journal of book of mormon studies 111 2002. One of the most amazing facts about the book of mormon is that it took joseph smith only about sixtyfive working days to translate a book that, in the current edition, is 531 pages long. At first joseph spent a lot of time becoming familiar with the plates and the language in which they were written.
Who translated the book of mormon text into english for. My response generated other responses, one of which indicated joseph was a fraud and wrote the book of mormon himself, which was an easy task to do. The mormon churchs push toward transparency about its roots and beliefs took another step forward with the first published pictures of a small sacred stone it. If one scoffs at the missionarys explanation of the book of mormon, he is in so many words claiming it to be false. Joseph smith translating the book of mormon, gospel art book 2009, no.
It was first published in march 1830 by joseph smith as the book of mormon. Later in life he would go onto learn some hebrew, latin, greek, and german. In a related thread, the original inquirer asked, why did joseph smith translate the book of mormon into jacobean english, not in use in 1830. According to smith, the book is originally written in an otherwise unknown language called reformed egyptian on golden plates and it should be of similar importance as the bible. There are several theories as to the origin of the book of mormon. Translation of the bible has a long and fascinating history, beginning with the.
This is one of the first accounts of how joseph smith translated the book of mormon. When joseph was translating the book of mormon i had occasion more than once to go into his immediate presence, and saw him engaged. English german is a bilingual book for latterday saints. For instance, i read that at first he used a seer stone instead of the urim and thummim which he placed in his hat and buried his face into the hat to block out the light. Viett, who joined the church in france, and the translation work began. With permission from professor anthony sweat, the artist behind the new artwork depicting joseph smiths translation of the book of mormon, the new pieces from the book are posted below. How long did it take joseph smith to translate the book of. The gold plates and the translation of the book of mormon. It could be said that mormon history starts with the translation of the book of mormon. How joseph smith translated the book of mormon by royal. I will now give you a description of the manner in which the book of mormon was translated. Details of the translation process joseph smith used for translating the book of mormon from the plates can be adduced from statements of witnesses and from evidence in the original and printers manuscripts.
The gold plates and the translation of the book of mormon according to joseph smiths later accounts, three years after he experienced his first vision of deity, an angel appeared to him in 1823 and told him of an ancient record written on gold plates. Because joseph followed the instructions from heavenly father and translated the writings of ancient prophets, each of us can be blessed by reading the stories found in the book of mormon. Since the prophet joseph smith originally translated the sacred volume from the gold plates into english and published the first edition in 1830, the book of mormon has been translated into 82 full foreign languages 25 partial and been named one of the 20 books that changed america. The resulting translation was published in 1830 as. As he studied and prayed, the urim and thummim helped him understand the characters on the plates. Joseph smith clarifies what he means by very last leaf by specifying that it was on the left hand side of the book of plates. Seven years later, in 1830, this scriptural canon of the latterday saints was published for the world. Why did joseph smith translate the book of mormon into jacobean english, not in use in 1830. How did joseph smith translate the book of mormon from the golden plates. Oliver begins writing as scribe to joseph smith and will remain so for the vast majority of the remaining book of mormon translation. A seer stone and a hat translating the book of mormon. By april 1852, the new prophet, brigham young, had sent. Book of mormon translation by joseph smith book of. By the power of god, through the holy spirit, how else.
The book of mormon has been translated in its entirety into 97 languages. Joseph smith would put the seer stone into a hat, and put his face in the hat, drawing it closely around his face to exclude the light. Joseph smiths magic spectacles dan vogel photo of joseph smith wearing breastplate and looking through the urim and thummimmany mormons believe this is how joseph smith translated the book of mormon as he sat behind a curtain dictating the translation to a scribe on the other side. Could joseph smith have authored the book of mormon. Historical details about the time it took to translate the book are remarkably well preserved, and they are corroborated by the independently consistent. His early work on the translation, with emma smith and martin harris serving as the main scribes, was lost in 1828. The description of the book of mormon on the registration form is from the title page of the book of mormon, which joseph says is a literal translation taken from the very last leaf, on the left hand side of the collection or book of plates see pjs 1. How joseph smith translated the book of mormon youtube. Smith also asserted that john the baptist appeared to him while he was translating the book of mormon and instructed him to restore the church by. The setting is the renowned though secretive west wing of the vast joseph smith frontier library, cleverly disguised as joseph smiths crude cabin in the frontier lands of new york. Smith said he has received these plates in 1827 from an angel named. The use of objects in the translation were only to help focusing on the work.
That it is a deceiving fraud formulated through the efforts and talents of a common man. Joseph smith and his scribes used two instruments in the translation process. The book of mormon is another testament of jesus christ. The last nephite prophet in the book of mormon circa a.
Artwork of joseph smith translating the book of mormon. Translation refers to works such as the book of mormon that joseph smith said. He began translating the book of mormon in early 1828, and the translation, as. In 1822, joseph smith found a brown, eggcolored stone while digging a well for willard chase. Joseph smith translated the book of mormon by the power of. Mormon scriptures to be translated into 34 additional languages.
Joseph smith translated an ancient text by the gift and power of god to produce the book of mormon. Garth norman posted by permission of ancient america foundation and the author. Thus, for example, the eighth article affirms that the book of mormon is the word of god without this qualification, and joseph smith claimed in its introduction that the book of mormon is the most correct of any book on earth quoted in gospel principles, 46. This is the simple, direct testimony of joseph smith, giving some of the events that led to the restoration of the gospel and the founding of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints. How did joseph smith translate the plates from which the.
Through him also, ancient records such as the book of mormon and the book of. The joseph smith translation jst is the king james version of the bible with joseph smiths revisionsmostly in the form of additions, though with some other kinds of changes. By its own terms, the book of mormon is a translation of an ancient book. In 1823 moroni was sent as a resurrected being to reveal the book of mormon to joseph smith and finally delivered the plates to him in 1827 the guide to the scriptures, moroni, son of mormon, 16768. The translation of the bible by joseph smith shows much of what is meant by. The german translation of the book of mormon, journal of book of. Before we get started it is worth mentioning that joseph smith apparently be. The book of mormon, the bible and the book of abraham. The coming forth of the book of mormon, foretold by ancient prophets, began with an angelic visitation in 1823 to 17yearold joseph smith. He also gave a prophecy of himself that he was a translator. I know that if we will read and pray about the book of mormon, we can know that it is true and that joseph smith was a true prophet of god.
When did joseph smith write the book of mormon answers. A seer stone and a hat translating the book of mormon by bill mckeever and eric johnson the founder of the lds church, joseph smith, claimed an angel named moroni visited him in september of 1823. Written by prophets to a people who lived in america long before white people ever came, some believe they were the beginnings of some native indian tribes. We this day finished the translating of the scriptures. The book of mormon was first published in early 1830, prior to the official organization of the church of jesus christ in new york on april 6 of that year. Excerpts from joseph smith the prophet by preston nibley.758 1015 863 831 1564 143 71 668 763 1473 1403 1128 799 1440 877 442 426 1064 1307 196 545 512 1167 626 1274 985 957 904 429 1104 1051 1124 894 747 297 724 771 596 842 1388 1263 1289 1464 1036 197 556 513