Links to pubmed are also available for selected references. These habits can have an adverse influence on the growth and development of the jaws and the dentition. Deep overbite is perhaps one of the most common malocclusion and the most difficult to treat successfully. This malocclusion could be caused by supraeruption of upper andor lower incisors or. The amount of incisor overlap varies greatly and is primarily a manifestation of dental malocclusion. The etiology of classiii malocclusion is thus wide ranging and complex. To understand its etiology, how and when this form of malocclusion develops must be fully appreciated.
Dents design smiles for life this ppt contains the information about the dental braces treatment. Advances in management of class ii malocclusions intechopen. Angle class ii, division 2, malocclusion with deep overbite. Malocclusion ppt free download as powerpoint presentation. The aim of this research was to introduce a new concept of the classification of angle class iii malocclusion and to outline appropriate treatment modalities. Etiology of malocclusion local fixed orthodontic courses by. In thename of god ehsanmotamedi department of orthodontic shahid beheshti medical sciences university tehran, iran definition, etiology and treatmentofclass ii malocclusion 2. A malocclusion is an incorrect relationship between the maxilla upper arch and the mandible lower arch, or a general misalignment of the teeth. Malocclusion is abnormal alignment of the teeth and the way in which the upper and lower teeth fit together. Associate dean postdoctoral education director division of orthodontics systems of classification inherited predetermined genetic acquired environmental. A malocclusion is further classifiedas a subdivision when the malocclusion exists on one side of the arches but is normal on the other. View and download powerpoint presentations on etiology of malocclusion ppt. Studying the prevalence and etiology of class ii subdivision. Jun 23, 2015 etiology of malocclusion etiological assessment of malocclusion is an important aspect in orthodontics, classification etiology of malocclusion columbia university of.
Malocclusion due to arm sucking can take a severe turn. Malocclusion ppt orthodontics dental anatomy free 30. Malocclusion most often results from jaw and tooth size discrepancies ie, the jaw is too small or the teeth are too large for the jaw to accommodate them in proper alignment. The purpose of this study was to investigatethe prevalence of. Treatment for class ii malocclusion pocket dentistry. Ppt etiology of malocclusion powerpoint presentation. Dentist india has observed that children had to endure retainers for this. Classification of angle class iii malocclusion and its. Malocclusion can occur due to a number of possible causes.
Swig restaurant, off, senapati bapat rd, pune, maharashtra 411016. Malocclusions are so common that most individuals experience one, to some degree. Local factorsanomalies in number supernumerary teeth teeth extra to normal complement most common mesiodens may closely resemble the teeth of the group they belong or bear no resemble supplemental teeth teeth that bear close resemble to a particular group of teeth and erupt close to original site of these. Etiology of malocclusion local fixed orthodontic courses. Malocclusion article about malocclusion by the free. There are some conditions or habits that may change the shape and structure of the. The offendingside determines the namesake of the subdivision 1. Many patients suffer from some type of facial collapse due to missing teeth and differences between the sizes of the upper and lower jaws, skeletal malocclusion treatment will fix this without the need, pain, and down time of orthognathic jaw surgery. Class i malocclusion is the most prevalent form of malocclusion, even more prevalent than normal occlusion, and there is no clear consensus.
This type of early intervention has been indicated more frequently in order to eliminate primary etiological factors and prevent an already present. Etiology of malocclusion is the study of its cause or causes. In the latter case a defect in the symmetry of the dental arch ensues. Sep 09, 2015 a malocclusion is a misalignment or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches when they approach each other as the jaws close. During the diagnosis and treatment planning, dental cast provides the threedimensional record of malocclusion. The aetiology of malocclusion for thirtythree years i have been practicing orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics. There are many types of malocclusion, some of which have familiarsounding names. Nov 04, 2017 etiology of malocclusion, a report in orthodontics 2. Malocclusion is often present at birth and can manifest as space between the teeth, irregular jaw or mouth size, or even a cleft palate. Class ii malocclusion can be corrected with a variety of treatment options, depending on how patient presents clinically and radiographically. A malocclusion is a misalignment or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches when they approach each other as the jaws close. Pdf deep bite its etiology, diagnosis and management. Etiology of malocclusion the various classifications proposed are. Malocclusion of teeth occurs when due to some causes teeth get misaligned, resultantly, an incorrect relation between the upper and lower teeth occurs, causing dental problems.
Understanding the development and etiology of class i malocclusion is. The teeth wont be able to perform vital functions if theyre. Etiology of malocclusion systems of classification systems of. Practicing good oral hygiene for preventing tooth decay 3. Studying the prevalence and etiology of class ii subdivision malocclusion utilizing conebeam computed tomography abstract objective. Ppt etiology of malocclusion powerpoint presentation, free. Class i malocclusionsthe development and etiology of. A malocclusion where your upper teeth stick out past your lower teeth.
Madhur upadhyay, ravindra nanda, in current therapy in orthodontics, 2010. The case for environmental etiology of malocclusion in. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. This patient has a form of facial collapse from a skeletal malocclusion. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. This malocclusion could be caused by supraeruption of upper andor lower incisors or infraeruption of posterior teeth, to evaluate. Environmental factors such as lips, tongue and cheeks, muscle activity and certain functions e. Occlusion is defined as the way teeth are aligned and the way upper and lower teeth fit together to give you a perfect bite. People who habitually suck their thumb or push their tongue up against their front teeth may cause gradual protrusion of the upper incisors. The vertical dimension problem is complex and multifactorial.
Associate dean postdoctoral education director division of orthodontics systems of classification inherited predetermined genetic acquired environmental systems of classification 1 mccoy and shepard 1956 a direct determining b indirect predisposing 2. Etiology of malocclusion free download as powerpoint presentation. The aim, duration and the types of dental braces are being used for the treatment. Mainly malocclusion are caused by either genetic factor or by environmental factor. Local factorsanomalies in number supernumerary teeth teeth extra to normal complement most common mesiodens may closely resemble the teeth of the group they belong or bear no resemble supplemental teeth teeth that bear close resemble to a particular group of teeth and erupt close to original site of these teeth most common arepremolar region or. The age and growth of the patient greatly contributes to the choice of appliance and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are still highly discussed issues in orthodontic literature. Normally, the upper teeth overlap slightly outside the lower teeth.
Etiology of malocclusion fixed orthodontic courses by ida. A hybrid malocclusion is a combination of congenital and developmental malocclusion, and it becomes clinically more severe with growth. Malocclusion is defined as the misalignment of the teeth which becomes evident when maxilla and mandible approach each other and the teeth on the two dental arches clearly do not fit together. View and download powerpoint presentations on etiology malocclusion ppt. Rudge 1 representative of the british orthodontic society bos. Etiology of malocclusion etiological assessment of malocclusion is an important aspect in orthodontics, classification etiology of malocclusion columbia university of.
Microsoft powerpoint lecture 1 identifying a malocclusion. Like other types of malocclusions, the etiology of class ii malocclusion has been linked to hereditary and environmental. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. Edward angle, who is considered the father of modern orthodontics, was the first to classify malocclusion. This means it can be passed down from one generation to the next. Malocclusion dental disorders merck manuals professional. Understanding the development and etiology of class i malocclusion is fundamentally important for determining the treatment and. Identifying a malocclusion etiology of malocclusion. The etiology of malocclusion is multifactorial and it could occur due to hereditary factors, environmental factors or the combination of. The treatment of angle class iii malocclusion is rather challenging, because the patients growth pattern determines the success of longterm treatment.
A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Ubc medicine neurology clinical skills motor, sensory, and reflex examination duration. Find powerpoint presentations and slides using the power of, find free presentations research about etiology of malocclusion ppt. Many scientific investigators and orthodontic clinicians have contributed to the body of knowledge to which we have access. Etiology of malocclusion, a report in orthodontics 2. The prevalence of class iii malocclusion has been described between 1%12, to over 10%14, depending on ethnic background12,15, sex14,16, and age17 of the sample as well as the diagnostic criteria used18. It has been established that the sequential formation of these structures occur via classic activatorinhibitor system, which is mediated through the interactions between fibroblast growth factors and hedgehog signalling pathways. Dec 26, 20 class i malocclusion is the most prevalent form of malocclusion, even more prevalent than normal occlusion, and there is no clear consensus concerning its etiology. Angle class ii, division 2, malocclusion with deep overbite paulo renato carvalho ribeiro this case report describes the orthodontic treatment of an adult patient, who presented a angle class ii, division 2, malocclusion, with overbite, severe curve of spee, right maxillary lateral incisor proclined and gengival recessions. Definition, etiology and treatment of class ii malocclusion 1.
Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Classification etiology of malocclusion columbia university. Overbite, underbite, crossbite, overjet, and so on. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 470k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Comprehensive orthodontics management involves identification of the. The poor alignment of the teeth is thought to be a result of genetic factors combined with poor oral habits, or. Etiology of malocclusion fixed orthodontic courses by. Etiology of class ii subdivision malocclusion utilizing conebeam computed tomography. A malocclusion where your bite is ok your top teeth line up with your bottom teeth but your teeth are crooked, crowded or turned.
Etiology of malocclusion and dominant orthodontic problems in. Inherited predeterminedgenetic acquiredenvironmental. Shi congchong department of orthodontics school of stomatology, kmu. Full text full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version.
Associate dean postdoctoral education director division of orthodontics systems of classification. Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. This section briefly covers some common treatments used for class ii. Common dental diseases in children and malocclusion. May 15, 2015 malocclusion of the teeth is a misalignment problem that can lead to serious oral health complications. Malocclusion article about malocclusion by the free dictionary. This article has been cited by other articles in pmc. Read more about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, complications, causes and prognosis. Jan 01, 2015 environmental factors such as lips, tongue and cheeks, muscle activity and certain functions e. This type of early intervention has been indicated more frequently in order to eliminate primary etiological factors and prevent an already. Ii2 malocclusion is characterized by less narrowing of the maxillary arch, and lingual inclinationof the maxillary incisors.145 1009 478 1382 439 1282 1055 284 1093 1005 1508 1554 679 727 1181 619 1598 239 560 392 413 1052 210 1311 1134 416 444 724 1019 1522 766 1188 1375 950 1478 900 278 281 816 137 1262 1201 405 200 553 423 1448 137